Yogurt is made from the bacterial fermentation of milk—there are numerous types of yogurts with varying fat content. According to the FDA, yogurt must contain “live and active” cultures, including Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophiles.
There are as many brands and types of yogurts now as you can possibly imagine, including the thicker, unsweetened Greek yogurt that’s popular (think Fage and Chobani), not to mention Icelandic-style (Siggi’s), Australian (Noosa), and Bulgarian (Trimona). Oh, and non-dairy versions like coconut yogurt and oat yogurt.
If you want to save money, cut down on added sugar, or just prefer everything from scratch, yogurt is easy to make at home. It takes just as well to jam, granola, fruit, and nuts, of course.
Greek Yogurt Starter Culture, $10.99 from Amazon
Use this to make your own yogurt in your Instant Pot or on the stovetop.
Kefir is a tangy, fermented drink made at room temperature by the fermentation of lactose (it’s thinner and more sour than traditional yogurt).
All kefir drinks are made from a base of kefir grains—they are similar to curds and can be used to create kefir in any kind of milk. You can use milk substitutes such as soy or rice milk, or any sugary liquid like coconut water and fruit juice. (Check out this Water Kefir recipe or this Milk Kefir reicpe for more.)
Kefir grains are a living yeast/bacterial fermentation and contain many strains of beneficial bacteria and yeast that can contribute to a healthy gut. You can easily buy organic kefir at the grocery store, but it’s fairly make your own homemade kefir (from grains that you can order online, or even better, grains shared by a kefir-loving friend). Kefir grains require constant care though, but you can slow down the fermentation process by keeping them in the refrigerator.
Active Organic Milk Kefir Grains, $11.99+ from Amazon
Use these fresh kefir grains to make your own probiotic drink at home.
Kefir and Yogurt Recipes
Whether you’re trying kefir for the first time or learning how to incorporate yogurt and kefir into your daily regime, these recipes will help you add in some much-needed probiotics and deliciousness that improve and enhance every dish.
Kefir is a great tangy base for salad dressing, and just as good drizzled over a hearty grain salad as over greens. Get the Rye Berry Salad with Herbed Kefir Dressing recipe.
This is a healthy dip that is a great match for fresh vegetables. The freshly squeezed lemon juice, garlic, sugar, salt, pepper, and basil are mixed with plain low-fat yogurt for a refreshing dip that you can easily adapt with fresh herbs and spices of your choice. Get our Yogurt Dipping Sauce with Lemon and Basil recipe.
This is a simple, step-by-step recipe for making kefir at home. Start with hydrated milk kefir grains and use the milk of your choice (cow, goat, sheep, raw, or unpasteurized) and then, with a little patience, you’ll have some homemade kefir in as little as 24 hours. Get the Milk Kefir recipe.
This is a major step up from your usual breakfast parfait. The trifle features pears, Medjool dates, honey, and pomegranate seeds, layered elegantly in a small glass for the perfect presentation. Get our Yogurt Trifle with Pomegranate, Pear, and Dates recipe.
The tangy kefir gives these pancakes a light fluffiness and they’re even better if you add in nuts, fresh fruit, or chocolate chips. Make a big batch and freeze them for an individual, self-serve breakfast when you’re in a hurry. Get the Fluffy Kefir Pancakes recipe.
The plain yogurt in this chicken marinade makes for a moist chicken kebab that tastes better the longer you leave it sitting. Lemon juice, ginger, paprika, garlic, freshly ground black pepper, cumin, and cayenne pack a powerful kick. Get our Spicy Yogurt Chicken recipe.
If you’re looking to explore kefir even further, try this recipe for coconut kefir made with fresh coconut. You can also substitute coconut milk (or coconut water if you have the right kefir starter). Get the Coconut Kefir recipe.
A savory Indian yogurt drink made from whole-milk yogurt, fresh mint leaves, whole cumin seeds, salt, and sparkling water, this is a fantastic way to end a meal. It’s as refreshing as it is simple to make. Get our Salted Lassi with Cumin and Mint recipe.
Light, bright, fresh, and refreshing, this uplifting chilled soup is just the thing for summer, but can be a bright spot in the colder months too when you need a little culinary pick-me-up. Get the Chilled Avocado, Cucumber, and Kefir Soup recipe.
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