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Indian food, as a general category, is incredibly diverse (it’s a big country, after all), but always flavorful. And Indian meals often include a wealth of condiments, sauces, pickles, and dips. Consider this a primer on some of the best Indian sauce, chutney, dip, and condiment recipes around.

Growing up, I watched my Indian grandmother eat from a large, stainless-steel plate called a thali, filled with many tiny bowls of condiments.

As I got older I had questions, mainly: Are multiple dips and sauces really necessary at every meal?

Eventually I realized that they are, at least in Indian cuisine, where condiments are the ultimate customization tool: With every bite, you can invite more sweetness, more heat, or more sour to the party, making every bite of that lamb stew in front of you into a completely different experience.

The three main condiment types in the Indian repertoire are chutneys, raitas, and achaar, or pickles.

Chutney

Chutneys are relishes of fruits or vegetables that can be either sweet and sour, spicy and sour, or both, usually preserved with an acid (citrus juices or vinegars).

Mango Chutney

Mango chutney is probably the best-known chutney. In addition to using it to accompany Indian dishes, try it with simple roasted meat like pork tenderloin or chicken, or spread some on a curried tuna sandwich. (Major Grey’s chutney is a specific style of mango chutney that usually includes raisins.) This Mango Chutney recipe includes nigella seeds for extra flavor and texture.

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This mango chutney is spicier than most other jarred brands.
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Green Chutney

India’s most ubiquitous spicy chutney is a fresh, pesto-like blend of cilantro (occasionally combined with mint), lime juice, and green chiles. Try this Green Chutney recipe and use it on wraps, sandwiches, and anywhere you might use Peruvian aji verde or Argentinian chimichurri.

Related Reading: 21 Ways to Use Up Fresh Herbs Before They Go Bad

Tamarind Chutney

Tamarind chutney (above) is the most popular sweet-and-sour chutney, often eaten with chaat (i.e., Indian snacks) and samosas. Try this Date-Tamarind Chutney recipe.

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Try this sweet and sour tamarind paste as the basis for your chutney.
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Raita

Raitas are yogurt-based dipping sauces that contain vegetables or fruits and spices. They’re used to chill out blisteringly hot dishes and highlight flavors, particularly in the South Indian rice dishes pulao and biryani. Cucumber and mint with cumin is the most common raita (try our Cucumber Yogurt Sauce recipe for a similar flavor), but onion, apple, and carrot are also frequent stars.

Achaar

Achaar, or pickles, are fruits or vegetables preserved by simmering them in oil, though sometimes with vinegar or citrus juice instead.

When it comes to Indian pickles, piquancy ranges from mild to hot, with the odd sweet or sour standout; turmeric, fenugreek, and asafetida are common spices.

A major pickle differentiator is the type of oil used, which is usually a clue to the pickle’s origin: mustard oil in Northern India, sesame oil in the south.

Green mango (aam ka achaar) and lime (nimbu ka achaar) are the two most common Indian pickles. My personal favorite: a sweet, spicy sun-dried mango pickle from the western state of Gujarat called chundo (above), eaten with flatbread and yogurt.

With these hot, vivid, sour, and/or cooling options in front of you, you’re ready to set out on your own, highly personal food adventure. Thali optional.

Related Reading: Some of Our Favorite Indian Cookbooks

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Plenty of places for multiple sauces and condiments!
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Photos by Chris Rochelle

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