I am a vanilla person: one of the few food lovers completely unseduced by chocolate’s charms. Perhaps that explains why I made the match: buttery caramels with tender rugelach. It was bashert, or meant to be; two delicious nonchocolate sweets just waiting to be introduced.
And using purchased caramels makes these rugelach as easy to prepare as, well, the chocolate chip kind. But the sweet molten filling does tend to seep out somewhat during baking. I find that adding chopped pecans and shaping the rugelach in rectangles rather than crescents helps cut down on leakage. And when needed, I just trim away the caramel that has found its way out of the baked cookies.
Cook’s Note: Rugelach may be frozen, unbaked. You need not defrost before baking, but increase baking time by 5 to 7 minutes.
If your caramels are soft enough, press the pieces with your fingertips to flatten them. You’ll get a smoother, tighter roll.
My good friend, Dr. Mary McLarnon, who helped me perfect these little treats, prefers them warm. She recommends gently heating them in a microwave or toaster oven. But never eat them hot: caramels, like all sugar when heated, can badly burn your mouth. She also suggests these would be delicious made with English toffee or homemade caramels.
1Make the pastry: in a food processor, mix the flour, salt, and brown sugar. Add the cream cheese, butter, sour cream, and vanilla, and pulse just until the mixture begins to form a ball around the blades. Do not overprocess. Transfer the dough to a work surface and knead lightly and quickly into a smooth, compact roll. (Or prepare manually: in a large bowl, quickly mix together the cream cheese, butter, sour cream, and vanilla until well blended. Gradually add the flour, salt, and sugar. Knead the mixture lightly until thoroughly combined and smooth.)
2Divide the dough into four equal parts. Put each piece between two sheets of wax paper and flatten into a large oblong using the palm of your hand. If necessary, refrigerate briefly until the dough is firm enough to roll.
3Work with one oblong at a time, keeping the others refrigerated. Roll the oblong between the wax paper into a 12 by 7-inch rectangle, about 1/8-inch thick. Leaving the dough in the wax paper, refrigerate for at least 4 hours or up to 2 days. Repeat with the other three rectangles.
4Loosen the wax paper from both sides of the dough. (The paper becomes pressed into the dough with rolling and will be difficult to remove after you cut the dough, unless it has been loosened first.) Place the dough rectangle back down on a sheet of the wax paper, and sprinkle it all over with 2 tablespoons brown sugar. Now cut the rectangle in half into two 6 by 7-inch sections. Cut each section into four equal strips, giving you eight in all. Leaving a 1/2-inch border, place some caramel pieces and pecans over each dough strip (be generous—the more caramels, the more luscious the taste; see Cook’s Note). Roll each strip up tightly, jelly-roll fashion, and place seam side down, about 1 inch apart, on a baking sheet lined with parchment. (If the dough becomes too soft to work with during the rolling or filling, place it in the freezer on a lined cookie sheet until firm again.) Refrigerate the prepared rugelach as you make more with the rest of the dough. The prepared rugelach should be refrigerated for at least 30 minutes before you bake them.
5Preheat the oven to 375°F. Bake in the middle of the oven for about 20 minutes, until pale golden. If necessary, adjust the pans during baking so the rugelach cook evenly. Transfer the pan to a rack and let the rugelach cool completely. Remove the rugelach carefully with a thin-bladed spatula. Store the rugelach in airtight containers for up to 4 days.
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