which fruits and vegetables are worth growing
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Interest in gardening has been sprouting up along with the rise in grocery store shortages and general concern related to the coronavirus pandemic, but there remains the question of what to grow in your home garden. The truth is that growing enough food to sustain yourself without ever getting groceries again is pretty much impossible for the average home vegetable gardener.

It’s still well worth growing your own herbs and veggies to save money and have tastier produce at your fingertips. However, some small-scale food crops are easier to grow than others, which is why we collected this list of the best herbs and vegetables to grow at home if you can.

Real Talk/Warning

Some vegetables are simply more trouble to grow than they’re worth, whether it’s because of pests, disease, low yield, temperament, or growing space needed. So don’t bother growing these vegetables, unless you like a challenge. Some veggies are so cheap to buy, we normally don’t bother growing them (we’re looking at you, potatoes and onions)—but if you want to, here’s how to grow potatoes, and how to grow onions too.

When it comes to the plants that are worth growing yourself, these are our favorite contenders, for the money they save us and the superior taste they provide. So clear up a little plot of soil in your yard or drag out some pots and trellises for your patio, porch, balcony, or windowsill. See our 5 tips for beginning gardeners, and then decide what you want to sow. And if you’d like even more expert advice, check out our Q&A with Ron Finley, who has a gardening MasterClass available online now.

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What Plants Are Worth Growing Yourself?

Pretty Much All Herbs

“All herbs are more cost effective to grow than to buy,” says Vivian Howard, chef-owner of Chef & The Farmer and Boiler Room Oyster Bar, both in Kinston, North Carolina. She’s also author of “Deep Run Roots: Stories and Recipes from My Corner of the South” and hosts the TV show “A Chef’s Life,” on PBS.

growing fresh herbs

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At the store, herbs are the most expensive by weight and lowest quality compared to your homegrown counterparts. Fresh basil, cilantro, rosemary, parsley, chives, mint, and thyme can cost $2 to $3 for a few sprigs at the supermarket. For the same price, you could buy a four-pack of starter herb plants at a nursery. Each of those plants could produce 50 times as much as that supermarket package, for savings in the hundreds if you use fresh herbs frequently, says Niki Jabbour on Bottom Line Inc. A food gardener at home, Jabbour has also hosted a radio show on News957.com and authored “The Year-Round Vegetable Gardener: How to Grow Your Own Food 365 Days a Year, No Matter Where You Live.”

Herbs are pretty much all you can grow if you’re the average apartment dweller and raised beds are out of the question. Unless you have roof access or a balcony, stick with herbs for your indoor garden. “I would definitely go the herb route, and start there,” Howard says.

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Related Reading: How to Use Fresh Herbs Before They Go Bad

Place your herbs by the windowsill where they can soak up four to six hours of sunshine. Water every day or two. Snip off the sprigs you need as your cooking calls for it. Enjoy saving tons of money, wasting less food because the part you’re not using is still growing in the soil rather than rotting in the fridge, and tastier meals because there’s no comparison to fresh herbs. Make these recipes with a fresh pesto using your herbs. Or plant some lavender too and make your own herbes de Provence. Also, learn how to dry herbs at home.

Some Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits vs VeggiesWhat Is the Difference Between a Fruit and a Vegetable?If you have a yard, the most rewarding vegetable to grow is a tomato—which is a fruit, technically, but we treat it like a vegetable. The difference between a store-bought tomato, even organic or heirloom, is worlds apart from a homegrown or farmers’ market tomato.

Tomatoes at the store have been refrigerated, and that changes the structure and flavor of the tomato,” Howard says. “That’s the one thing I’d say is the most rewarding to grow in your yard.”

In 2018, the average price per pound for Roma tomatoes was $1.29; for beefsteak tomatoes, $2.01; and for grape and cherry tomatoes, $3.48, according the U.S. Department of Agriculture. So if a seed packet costs around $3, and a bag of potting soil for container growers is $7, you’d probably pay about $10 (add $5 for miscellaneous first-time costs like a cheap pot or wire trellis) for a yield of about 20 pounds of tomatoes all season. Heirloom cherry tomatoes are the best deal, because they have a longer growing season and higher crop yield, according to The Penny Hoarder. Tomato plants need a lot of sunlight and water though, so you have to have a spot that gets full sun and make sure to water them thoroughly once or twice a day. You can grow them in hanging baskets too. If you’re a newbie with not the greenest thumb, try a starter plant rather than growing from seed.

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Salad greens, including spinach and kale (but not head lettuce), and string beans are also good bets.

Salad greens grow fast, don’t take up too much space, and you can snip off the leaves you want and keep the rest on the plant in the dirt, saving it for later, so you don’t waste leaves and let it go bad in the bag in the fridge. Stagger your time of planting several heads if you want lettuce all season long. At $3 or $4 for a bag of store-bought lettuce that makes barely two or three salads, this seems like a worthy investment. Once you have your greens on the way, discover everything you need to know about salad, from recipes to articles and how-to videos.

Green beans—snap or string—can go for $6 a pound at a farmer’s market, so a $2.50 seed packet that produces several pounds is a much better deal, according to Bottom Line. You’ll need full sunlight for these green beans as well as a trellis or pole to yield the most beans per square foot of garden space (there’s a reason they’re often called pole beans). See our guide on how to plant and grow beans, and check out our green bean recipes for ideas on making use of your harvest.

Cucumbers are another plant that is easy to grow. They like sunlight, growing support, and warm temperatures, but they’re good in containers because they grow vertically. The average retail price for cucumbers in 2018 was $1.26 a pound, according to the USDA. But water your $3 seeds enough and you’ll have too many to use. So start gathering your pickling jars and making friends with your neighbors and coworkers. Try this Garlic Dill Pickles recipe or this Easy Quick Pickles recipe for not only cucumbers, but green beans, carrots, cauliflower, okra, and zucchini too (though at least a couple of those veggies aren’t worth the trouble of growing yourself).

Other good options for your vegetable garden include peppers, radishes, zucchini and other summer squash, and peas.

Want to give your green thumb a go? Check out specific guides on growing vegetables, below (and stay tuned for more), and learn how to compost while you’re at it.

Or if you prefer to leave it all up to the pros, check out the best produce subscriptions.

Related Video: How to Recycle Jeans Into a Garden Apron


This post was originally published in 2017 and has been updated with new links, text, and images.

Header image courtesy of Shutterstock.

Amy Sowder is a writer and editor based in NYC, covering food and wellness in publications such as Bon Appétit, Women's Health, Eat This, Not That!, Upworthy/GOOD, Brooklyn Magazine, and Westchester Magazine. She loves to run races, but her favorite finish lines are gelato shops. Learn more at AmySowder.com.
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